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News: International

Tuesday's Iran Mini Report - May 14, 2019

Tuesday's Iran Mini Report - May 14, 2019

• U.S. Says Iran Likely Behind Ship Attacks

The Wall Street Journal: An initial U.S. assessment indicated Iran likely was behind the attack on two Saudi Arabian oil tankers and two other vessels damaged over the weekend near the Strait of Hormuz, a U.S. official said, a finding that, if confirmed, would further inflame military tensions in the Persian Gulf. The assessment, while not conclusive, was the first suggestion by any nation that Iran was responsible for the attack and comes after a series of U.S. warnings against aggression by Iran or its allies and proxies against military or commercial vessels in the region.

• White House Reviews Military Plans Against Iran, In Echoes Of Iraq War

The New York Times: At a meeting of President Trump's top national security aides last Thursday, Acting Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan presented an updated military plan that envisions sending as many as 120,000 troops to the Middle East should Iran attack American forces or accelerate work on nuclear weapons, administration officials said. The revisions were ordered by hard-liners led by John R. Bolton, Mr. Trump's national security adviser. They do not call for a land invasion of Iran, which would require vastly more troops, officials said.

• New Report Shows How A Pro-Iran Group Spread Fake News Online

The New York Times: Ali Al-Ahmed is a veteran critic of the Saudi government, so late last year he was not surprised to receive a Twitter message purporting to be from an Egyptian woman living in London who said that she, too, was a Saudi opponent. But Mr. Al-Ahmed, who is based in Washington, was wary of the woman, who identified herself as Mona A. Rahman. "Her picture was too made up, like the picture of a model," he recalled. Her Arabic was imperfect.

• Trump 'Seriously' Hurt Iran With These 2 Moves Says Lieberman

Fox Business: Iran is suffering economically and politically thanks to two big actions taken by President Trump, former independent Sen. Joe Lieberman told FOX Business on Monday. "President Trump had the guts to take us out of a bad nuclear agreement with Iran -- that's the beginning -- big change," he told Maria Bartiromo. "Second he imposed sanctions on the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps -- also a big change and increased those sanctions. Iran is hurting. So it has begun to threaten us and I appreciate very much that the president has basically said with action sending American military forces over to their region don't think you're going to strike at us and not have us strike back at you."

• Iran's Metals Trade Funds Weapons Development

Peter Navarro for Financial Times: The US is determined to choke off external funding to Iran because we want to prevent it from financing missile development, fomenting regional conflicts and funding terrorist networks. Much of Iran's money comes from metal exports, including $4.2bn from the sale of steel - a 53 per cent increase from 2017 - and a further $917m from copper and its downstream products. The country is on schedule to become a net exporter of aluminum by the end of the year.

• Stop The Presses: U.S. Sanctions Leave Iran's Papers Short Of Ink

Bloomberg: A lack of headlines is making headlines in Iran. The economic hardship triggered by a year of U.S. sanctions has extended to the Islamic Republic's newspapers, which are struggling to combat fast-rising prices -- and shortages -- of both paper and printing ink. At a time when Iran's on front pages around the world, two government-owned dailies have cut coverage while journalists fret about possible layoffs.

• Iranian Students Protest Mandatory Headscarf Rule

Associated Press: Iranian university students held a campus protest Monday against authorities' increasing pressure on women to wear mandatory headscarves in public. The semi-official ISNA news agency said the Tehran University students - both men and women - briefly scuffled with another group of students who support the country's conservative dress code. The rally ended after a few hours. Deputy head of the university, Majid Sarsangi, told ISNA that there were no new measures in place regarding compulsory hijab at the university.

• Pro-Iran Government Activists Assault Student Protesters In Tehran

Voice of America: Iranian pro-government activists have assaulted Tehran University students staging a peaceful protest against heightened enforcement of religious restrictions during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan. Videos verified by VOA Persian and received from social media users in Iran showed the pro-government activists marching on the university grounds and scuffling with student protesters in Monday's incident.

• Trump Says It Would Be Big Mistake For Iran To Try Anything Against U.S.

Reuters: U.S. President Donald Trump warned on Monday Iran would "suffer greatly" if it targeted U.S. interests after Washington deployed an aircraft carrier and more jet fighters at a time of rising tensions with Tehran. "We'll see what happens with Iran. If they do anything, it will be a very bad mistake," Trump told reporters at the White House. "If they do anything they will suffer greatly."

• Nuclear Arms, Iran And Venezuela: Pompeo's Likely Agenda With Putin In Russia

The New York Times: Secretary of State Mike Pompeo is set to make his first diplomatic trip to Russia on Tuesday to meet with his counterpart, Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, and President Vladimir V. Putin. The three have a great deal of territory to cover, from many bubbling international conflicts - where Washington and Moscow have often found themselves on opposite sides - to a potential new arms treaty. It is the highest level meeting between American and Russian officials since President Trump met with Mr. Putin in Finland last July.

• Pompeo Shares Details On 'Escalating' Iran Threats In Brussels: U.S. State Department

Reuters: U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo shared information on "escalating" threats from Iran with European allies and NATO officials during meetings in Brussels on Monday, the U.S. special representative for Iran said. "Iran is an escalating threat and this seemed like a timely visit on his way to Sochi," Brian Hook told reporters, referring to Pompeo's planned visit to Russia on Tuesday for meetings with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov.

• Rubio Asks Barr To Investigate Kerry Over Iran Meetings

The Hill: Sen. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.) is asking Attorney General William Barr to investigate if former Secretary of State John Kerry broke federal law over his talks with Iranian officials. Rubio sent a letter to Barr doubling down on his request for the Justice Department to investigate Kerry, a request he also made last year to then-Attorney General Jeff Sessions.

• Iran Minister's Remark About Sending Children To War Leads To Uproar

Recent remarks by Iran's education minister about 14 million schoolchildren being ready to go to war, has led to public outcry and condemnations among Iranians. Iranian officials have been making bellicose remarks in recent weeks after tensions flared with the United States. The Iranian Society for the Protection of the Rights of Children has released a public letter May 12 on social media addressed to the minister criticizing his comment.

• Official: Initial US Assessment Blames Iran For Ship Attacks

Associated Press: An American military team's initial assessment is that Iranian or Iranian-backed proxies used explosives Sunday to blow large holes in four ships anchored off the coast of the United Arab Emirates, a US official said Monday. The official said each ship has a 5- to 10-foot hole in it, near or just below the water line, and the team's early belief is that the holes were caused by explosive charges. The team of US military experts was sent to investigate the damages at the request of the UAE, but American officials have not provided any details about what exactly happened or any proof as yet about the possible Iranian involvement in the explosions.

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