Live Coverage: Policy on Iran & a Viable Alternative
Iran is the topic of a major international conference today, July 11, 2019, in Ashraf-3, Albania. Prominent speakers will be discussing policy options for the US, Europe and their allies in dealing with the Iranian crisis. They will also reflect on the role of the democratic Iranian opposition People's Mojahedin Organization of Iran (Mujahedin-e Khalq, PMOI or MEK) in the country's future. The conference's title is: "Policy on Iran & a Viable Alternative." Ashraf-3 is home to thousands of MEK members in Albania. The NCRI Foreign Affairs Committee will be covering the event live as it unfolds. See below for updates.
Mayor Rudy Giuliani – Former Mayor of New Yor
Ambassador Lincoln Bloomfield – Former U.S. Assistant Secretary of State
General James Conway – Former Commandant of the U.S. Marines Corps
Ivan Sascha Sheehan – University of Baltimore
Ambassador Robert Joseph – Former U.S. Under Secretary of State for Arms Control
Hon. John Baird – Former Foreign Minister of Canada
Senator Robert Torricelli – Former United States Senator
Senator Robert Torricelli
17.20: Former United States Senator Robert Torricellitells Iran policy conference in Albania: "The young Iranians on the streets want change. There is an alternative to Iran's regime. There is a viable opposition. They have a strong leadership. The democratic opposition is the MEK."
Senator Robert Torricelli further highlighted the Iranian people’s right to live in a free and democratic Iran: “We have to keep reminding members of Congress and parliaments across Europe that if you believe in equality of people, why don’t you believe that the people of Iran have the right to an equal government?”
“There is an alternative. You can pull away from the mullahs and take a stand in support of those who want to topple the regime. Because there are Iranians who will rise with the MEK,” Senator Torricelli continued.
Ambassador Robert Joseph
17.25: Ambassador Robert Joseph, Former U.S. Under Secretary of State for Arms Control: “The 2015 nuclear agreement had many flaws. It did not touch on the regime’s ballistic missile production. It did not touch on Iran's terrorist activities or address its other egregious activities including its crime against humanity in Syria. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced a 12-point platform to address the flaws in the JCPOA.”
“The only solution to the nuclear threat of Iran is regime change. That remains true today. But this is truly about the fate and future of Iranian people. This is about values, freedom, promoting democracy… The NCRI and MEK provide a viable alternative to this regime… The first and foremost victims of this regime are the people of Iran.”
Former Canadian Foreign Minister John Baird
17.35: Former Canadian Foreign Minister John Baird: “Our best weapon is the truth and our best supporters are the people of Iran.”
17.40: Senator Robert Torricelli: “There’s a fundamental belief that things will work out. The future is not as bad as the past. Even a despotic regime will reform itself over time. That’s a handicap for us. The Iranian regime is not going to reform. It’s not going to change.”
“The second handicap is, those who would accommodate the regime take the high ground because they’re speaking out against war. Here’s the problem: first of all, there is a war. There’s no one fighting back. Tens of thousands of Iranians were killed by their own government. There’s been a war waged on the Iranian people since 1979. Those who would argue for patience and time have no moral high ground.
“If you have a navy and you use it to attack civilian tankers and international airspace, you lose the right to have it. In my mind, Iran should lose its navy. The regime of Iran is at war with the world. The fact that the international community is not fighting back doesn’t make it less of a war.”
18.00: Ambassador Robert Joseph, former U.S. Under Secretary of State for Arms Control: “The right policy is whatever accelerates the end of this regime. The wrong policy is what prolongs the life of this regime. Appeasement has turned out to be not just a failure but also counter to American interests. We should start with maximum pressure, and the administration has been doing a good job. The sanctions are having a deep impact on the Iranian economy.
“If we show weakness, it’s provocative. When we show strength, the regime backs down. It’s
important that we always keep in mind that the show of strength is key to success.”
“Land invasion is not what’s necessary. Change has to come from within [Iran]. A more effective policy would include calling out the regime on its gross human rights violations. We don’t do that often enough.”
“We should negotiate on nuclear affairs, but we have to keep in mind what our principles
are. We should not be victim of the mindset that negotiations mean compromise and giving the other party concessions. That is what happened in the JCPOA.
“Our focus ought to be calling them out, and combining these tools, whether its sanctions
or the military, that will facilitate the end of this regime.”
General James Conway
18.10: General James Conway, former Commandant of the U.S. Marines Corps: “The objective of authoritarian regimes is the survival of their regime. The Iranian regime also wants to be the premiere power in the region. How do we counter that?"
“We have been countering their expansion of the ‘Shiite Crescent’ in Syria. We should continue to do that. The second thing we should do is ratchet up the sanctions. What the sanctions have to identify to the people on the fence is that your regime is seen as a pariah. It’s leading you nowhere. If the sanctions are necessary to convey that message to the middle-tier of the society, we should ratchet it up.”
18.20: Prof. Ivan Sascha Sheehan from the University of Baltimore: “The contest is ultimately over the right to think freely. The regime fears the truth, they fear facts. We must hold panels like this and expand the truth. We must give the Iranian people a sense of what’s going on around them and the idea that there is this viable alternative.
“The Iranian opposition does not fear the truth, and they know ultimately that it is on their side. With time these ideas will lead to the revolution that we’d all like to see take place.”
18.25: John Baird, former Foreign Minister of Canada: “We can exploit the regime’s vulnerability, to support the people of Iran. The regime realizes that when it falls, they will have no place to go. The senior members of this regime know that they will have nowhere to go and they will be held to account for their crimes such as the 1988 massacre of political prisoners and the bombing of the Jewish center in Argentina.”
18.30: Senator Robert Torricelli: “No one can seriously believe this regime will last long. It’s an unsustainable situation. If you’re in the leadership today, there’s going to be a moment in your life when you’re going to be held accountable.”
“There are many ways the Iranian regime can fall. It can be bad and bloody or it can just collapse. My message to their leaders is, watch your fingerprints. Let it collapse. If I were you, I would disappear. There’s no reason for you to get involved in hurting people.”
18.35: Ambassador Robert Joseph, former U.S. Under Secretary of State for Arms Control: “This regime is on the wrong side of history. It will fall. But if we pursue the wrong policies that will assist this regime, such as giving it a $150 billion down payment, we will be perpetuating the threat and we would be hurting the people of Iran.”
“We must continue to push forward on exposing the regime’s brutality and its human rights violation. In the information space, we ought to focus on how this regime has failed the people. Just look at their inability to respond to the recent flooding. It is an incompetent regime. That is a vulnerability that would further deteriorate support for this regime in Iran, which is already decreasing day after day, month after month, year after year.”
18.40: General James Conway, former Commandant of the U.S. Marines Corps: “Iran's regime invariably gets greedy. Every one of the leaders of this regime have Swiss bank accounts that are growing while the people of Iran are living in poverty. We should expose that and let the people know who their leadership is.”
18.45: “What will do the trick [to overthrow the mullahs]?” Amb. Bloomfield asked.
Prof. Ivan Sascha Sheehan from the University of Baltimore: “The regime in Tehran fears internal pressure more than it fears external threats. The people of Iran don’t need the world to rescue them. The regime change will be led by you.”
John Baird: “A different future exists for Iran. We have to support the Iranian people to pursue a different path and seek a new leadership for their country.”
“Are we playing strong offense and defense?” Ambassador Bloomfield asked.
Sen. Torricelli: “Not enough.”
Torricelli reiterated the many times when reporters from the U.S. and Europe rehashed the nonsense the regime propagates:
“It happens all the time. In Tehran, they have carefully disseminated false information into the mainstream media. We’re fighting back, and it's been a long climb. What the mullahs are doing with misinformation in Washington, London and Paris, you can do with the truth. “
John Baird: “The fact that the European authorities uncovered a plot by the regime that tried to attack the Free Iran rally in Paris in 2018, the rashness just shows how fearful the regime is of you.”
“How do we amass the power of the many outrages about the regime and put it all into a powerful mixture?” Amb. Bloomfield asked.
Ambassador Robert Joseph: “The process that I’ve seen is that reporters tend to go to the same sources over and over again. If you look at who they’re going to in the world of think tanks, most of these people are doing the work of the regime.
“This is where the MEK and NCRI can make a difference.”
Ambassador Joseph stressed that the US needs to emphasize on the human rights dossier of Iran. “That’s how we connect the dots.”
“Is the world taking notice of the regime’s terrorism in their countries. When did it become acceptable behavior? What should we do about it?” Amb. Bloomfield asked.
Prof. Sheehan: “There are some groups and individuals that you simply can’t negotiate with, and the regime is emblematic of that group.
“In Washington, DC, we found a deeply entrenched pro-regime lobby, and that lobby exists in other places of the world. But the tools and power of ideas that we have at our disposal today are much stronger than the tools we had before.
“We don’t have to wait for Washington to change its policy. Every citizen around the world can help contribute to this change.”
“A lot of people in Washington fear that what happened in Syria and Libya will repeat in Iran,” Amb. Bloomfield said, touching on a topic discussed extensively these days.
Former Canadian foreign minister John Baird: “They need to understand who the Iranian people are and what their capacity is. We have to push back against the elite foreign policy view in the West. In the West, regimes start to do crazy stupid things and the type of behavior we’ve seen in this regime. They are not being rational in their final days, and the more we see this, the closer they are to their end.”
"The JCPOA [Iran deal] was such a bad deal ... I don't know how the British Foreign Secretary today could be wanting to resuscitate the JCPOA after what happened yesterday in the Strait of Hormuz. It just boggles the mind" - @Baird at today's Iran policy conference in Albania pic.twitter.com/hamQiCoAZq— NCRI-FAC (@iran_policy) July 11, 2019
“The Iranian people have had this aspiration from at least the beginning of the 20th century. How can we convince the West that we can trust them if this regime collapses?” asked Amb. Bloomfield.
Sen. Torricelli: “Tehran is desperately trying to keep the Europeans in a dialogue to keep an economic lifeline. They do not want military confrontation but they are attacking the U.S. drone. These are irrational acts. When the regime becomes this irrational, it means that the sanctions are working. Those irrational actions tell me that we’re reaching a point. If I were Trump or Merkel or Macron, I would press my foot on the pedal because they’re telegraphing that what we are doing is working.”
Mayor Rudy Giuliani
18.55: “How do we direct western policy in the right direction? What could we do that we are not doing enough of?” Amb. Bloomfield asked.
Mayor Rudy Giuliani: “We had an opportunity a few years ago when the sanctions were working. There are strong indicators that the protests in Iran are becoming political.
“People have said bad things about you because you support the MEK and Madam Rajavi. What does Washington need to know that this group is entirely misportrayed in Washington?” asked Amb. Bloomfield.
Mayor Giuliani: “We need a massive public relations campaign. When people find out what this group really stands for and they get past the allegations, it all starts to make sense. We’ve got the same goal that is a free democratic Iran.”
Q by @LBJunior: What can we do more to weaken Iran's regime?@RudyGiuliani: We ought to strangle them with more sanctions. Now there's an opportunity to get a few of the European countries to go further than they would have before. #FreeIran #IStandWithMaryamRajavi pic.twitter.com/3lxzfqy3vG— NCRI-FAC (@iran_policy) July 11, 2019
“Is there a potential for Canada, the U.S. and Europe to find common ground on how the regime is gaming the west and escaping accountability?” Amb. Bloomfield asked.
Former Canadian Foreign Minister John Baird: “After Iraq, President Obama and other European leaders were so desperate to make diplomacy work rather than military force. What we need is leadership. The weakness in 2009 in not standing up for the Iranian people will go down in history as a lost opportunity. We must do all we can to stand up for what’s right. We need leadership. That is what Madam Rajavi is trying to provide.””
Sen. Torricelli: “The people are realizing that this regime will not moderate. The regime’s behavior is also deteriorating all the time.”
19.00: “What can we do to show there’s a democratic alternative. How do we find that next gear in Washington?” Ambassador Lincoln Bloomfield asks.
Mayor Rudy Giuliani: “In the past year, the regime has become more frightened and irrational. Striking the drone and what they’re doing with the tankers, maybe they want us to attack them and they hope that it would rally the people behind them. We’re so reluctant to take military action, and the world would also react badly, that the mullahs could push us along if they engaged diplomatically. But their poking their finger in our eye.”
“I think the mullahs are going to fall, with these protests going on, the crazy things they are doing. I think they are desperate. What they are doing sounds like a regime that is not thinking in clever ways.”
19.10: Mayor Rudy Giuliani: “I think pulling out of that agreement (2015 nuclear deal) was effective. If you look at the sanctions, the Treasury Department is very zealous in enforcing them. This has changed a lot. The President did what Obama did not do when he did not support the protesters. The fact that the protests continue is a very good sign even though the regime has tried to harm them. The biggest frustration is getting the European governments to do the right thing. Whatever their economic interests and fear, we should all be together in eliminating this regime. We have to keep up the pressure, try to put more sanctions. And the important point is, some of these revolutions have happened without an alternative. Here you do not have to let that happen. We must get Americans to understand that there is an alternative and let them see it.”