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The 1988 Massacre of Political Prisoners in Iran: Eyewitness Accounts

Iran-1988-massacre

The following video clips are a series of eyewitness accounts from men and women who survived the 1988 massacre of 30,000 political prisoners, most of whom were affiliated with the main Iranian opposition movement, the Mujahedin-e Khalq (PMOI/MEK).
International human rights organizations have called this massacre the greatest case of “crimes against humanity” since World War II.
The eyewitness accounts will reveal the barbarity of the Iranian regime in harrowing detail. At the same time, these testimonials will vividly demonstrate a generation’s unbreakable resolve to neither abandon their ideals nor submit to the hated mullahs despite the heavy cost.
Even after 33 years, families of the victims have not received death certificates or information on the manner in which their loved ones were murdered or what was done with their bodies.
These prisoners—none of whom had been sentenced to death—were executed based on a 1988 fatwa issued by the then-supreme leader Ruhollah Khomeini.
“As the treacherous Monafeqin [Mojahedin] do not believe in Islam and what they say is out of deception and hypocrisy… and as they are waging war on God …. and as they are tied to the World Arrogance, and in light of their cowardly blows to the Islamic Republic since its inception, it is decreed that those who are in prisons throughout the country and remain steadfast in their support for the Monafeqin (Hypocrites) [Mojahedin (MEK)], are waging war on God and are condemned to execution,” Khomeini wrote. He urged the regime to carry out his order with “no mercy.”

Death commissions,” were established in every province to identify prisoners who were suspected of remaining steadfast in their allegiance to the MEK and its ideals of a free, democratic Iran with a duly elected, secular government.

Tens of thousands of prisoners from Evin and Gohardasht prisons were brought before these “death commissions” and usually had their fates determined in just a few minutes. In one case, a 28-year-old man named Mahmoud was brought before a death squad around 7:00 p.m. on July 30, 1988, according to a witness. Mahmoud said he told the death commission “I am a supporter of the MEK.” Around 9:00 p.m., he and a large number of other prisoners were taken to the “death corridor,” where they were lined up and led into execution halls. Mahmoud was hanged that night.
Hamid Noury, a former assistant prosecutor in Iran, is now in Sweden facing criminal charges for his role in the 1988 “killing machine.”
Many of Iran’s current senior officials were also part of the 1988 massacre, according to witnesses. These include Iran’s new President Ebrahim Raisi, who was a member of the Commission in Tehran in 1988; prominent Sharia Judge Hossein Ali Nayyeri; Tehran Prosecutor Morteza Eshraqi; Deputy Minister of Intelligence Mostafa Pour-Mohammadi; and several criminal mullahs such as Ali Mobasheri, Mohammad Moghesiye, Esmail Shushtari, and Ali Razini.

Eyewitness Accounts

 

Asghar-MehdizadehAsghar Mehdizadeh

Political prisoner: 1982 -1995; He spent 13 years in prison.
Prisons: Fooman, Rasht, Evin and Soomehsara, Gohardasht
Watch the video clip and read the text here



k-f-g-1-1Farideh Goodarzi

Political prisoner: 1982- 1988; she spent 6 years in prison.
Prison: Hamadan

Watch the video clip and read the text here



AKBAR-SAMADI-2Akbar Samadi

Political prisoner: 1981- 1991; He spent 10 years in prison.
Prisons: Ghezelhesar, Evin, Gohardasht

Watch the video clip and read the text here



Hossein-FarsiHossein Farsi

Political prisoner: 1981-1993; He spent 12 years in prison.
Prisons: Evin, Ghezelhesar, and Gohardasht
Watch the video clip and read the text here



Mahmoud-RoyaeeMahmoud Royaei

Political prisoner: 1981-1991; He spent 10 years in prison.
Prison: Evin, Ghezelhesar, and Gohardasht

Watch the video clip and read the text here



Parvin-Pour-EqbaliParvin Pour Eqbali

Political prisoner: 1981-1991; She spent 10 years in prison.
Prison: Evin

Watch the video clip and read the text here



Mohammad-ZandMohammad Zand

Political prisoner: 1981-1992; He spent 11 years in prison.
Prisons: Evin, Ghezelhesar, and Gohardasht

Watch the video clip and read the text here



Majid-SahebjamMajid Saheb Jam

Political prisoner: 1982-1999; He spent 17 years in prison.
Prisons: Evin, Ghezelhesar, and Gohardasht

Watch the video clip and read the text here



Hassan-ZarifHassan Zarif Nazarian

Political prisoner: 1981-1993; He spent 12 years in prison.
Prisons: Jamshidia, Evin, and Ghazal Hesar

Watch the video clip and read the text here



Hassan-AshrafianHassan Ashrafian

Political prisoner: 1983-1995; He spent 12 years in prison.
Prisons: Evin, Gohardasht

Watch the video clip and read the text here



Haydar-YousefiHeydar Yousefi

Political prisoner: 1983-1991; He spent 8 years in prison.
Prison: Gohardasht

Watch the video clip and read the text here



Mohammad-SarkheiliMohammad Sarkhaili

Political prisoner: 1984-1993; He spent 9 years in prison.
Prisons: Evin and Gohardasht

Watch the video clip and read the text here



Golamreza-JalalGholamreza Jalal

Political prisoner: 1980-1986; He spent 6 years in prison.
Prisons: Tehran, Evin, Ghezel Hesar, Gohardasht

Watch the video clip and read the text here



Khadijeh-BorhqaniKhadijeh Borhani

Ten family members, including six of her brothers, have been executed by the Iranian regime.

Watch the video clip and read the text here

 



Seyed-HosseinSeyyed Hossein Seyyed Ahmadi

Two of his brothers have been executed in the 1988 massacre of political prisoners.

Watch the video clip and read the text here

 



MofidSeyyed Jafar Mir Mohammadi

One of his brothers has been executed in the 1988 massacre of political prisoners.

Watch the video clip and read the text here

 



Ebrahim-KhaksarEbrahim Khaksar

Two of his cousins have been executed by the Iranian regime, and his brother was executed in the 1988 massacre

Watch the video clip and read the text here



Fereydoun-Hamzeh-AlipourFereydoun Hamzeh Alipour

He was arrested in 1980 and was interrogated by Ebrahim Raisi

Watch the video clip and read the text here

 



Masoud-AbouieMassoud Abouie-Rad

Political prisoner: He spent 8 years in prison.
Prisons: Evin, Gohardasht, Ghezelhesar, Babol, Sari, and the joint committee.

Watch the video clip and read the text here



Arman-JamArman Jam

He was arrested in 1980 and was interrogated by Ebrahim Raisi

Watch the video clip and read the text here

 



Firouz-DanafarFirooz Danafar

Political prisoner: 1982-1986; He spent 4 years in prison.
Prisons: Ghezel Hesar and Gohardasht

Watch the video clip and read the text here



Rahman-HeydariRahman Heydari

Political prisoner:  He spent 4 years in prison.
Prisons: Hamedan prison

Watch the video clip and read the text here



Nahid-TaheriNahid Taheri

Political prisoner: 1982-1984
Prisons: Hamedan prison

Watch the video clip and read the text here

 



Majed-KarimMajed Karim

One of his sisters has been executed by Ebrahim Raisi.

Watch the video clip and read the text here

 



Reza-VeisiReza Veisi

Political prisoner: 1981-1985; He spent 4 years in prison.
Prisons: Evin, Ghezelhesar, and Gohardasht

Watch the video clip and read the text here



Assadollah-NabaviAssadollah Nabavi

Political prisoner: He spent 13 years in prison.

Prisons: 4 years in Semnan’s province and 9 years in Evin prison

Watch the video clip and read the text here



Akbar-ShafeqatAkbar Shafeqat

Political prisoner:1981 to 1995

Prisons: Evin, Ghezelhesar, and Gohardasht prisons

Watch the video clip and read the text here



Mojtaba-AkhgarMojtaba Akhgar

Political prisoner:1982 to 1992

Prisons: Evin, Ghezelhesar, and Gohardasht prisons

Watch the video clip and read the text here



Ali-ZolfaghariAli Zolfaghari

Political prisoner: 1981-

Prisons: Rasht, Evin, and Gohardasht prisons

Watch the video clip and read the text here



Rasoul-TabriziRasoul Tabrizi

Political prisoner: 1981-1991

Prisons: Evin, Ghezelhesar, and Gohardasht prisons

Watch the video clip and read the text here



Batoul-MajaniBatoul Majani

Political prisoner: 7 years

Prisons: Evin, and Gohardasht prisons

Watch the video clip and read the text here